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Large anti-submarine ship "Kerch"
It is Kara class ship.
The Kara is a class of Cold War era Soviet guided missile cruisers. The Soviet designation is Project 1134B Berkut B - Беркут Б (Golden Eagle) and the Soviet mission description is "large anti-submarine warfare ship" (BPK) and not "cruiser".
Displacement: 8565 tons
Dimensions: length - 173.4 m, width - 18,5 m, draft - 5.74 pm
Full speed: 32 knots
Cruising Range: 5,200 miles at 20 knots.
Propulsion: Gas turbine, 92000 hp, 2 screws
Armament: 2x4 PU PLRK "Snowstorm", 2 PU SAM "Storm", 2 PU SAM "Osa-M", 2x2 76-mm gun mount AK-726, 4x6 30-mm gun mount AK-630 2x5 533-mm torpedo tubes PTA -53, 2x12 RBU-6000 and RBU-1000 2x6, 1 Ka-25PL.
Crew: 380 people.
The history of the ship: Large anti-ship pr.1134B
Different versions of the programs of shipbuilding in the mid-60s of the twentieth century to be built for the Soviet Navy pr.1134 32 BOD (1134A). However, early in their development it was clear that to perform the planned program for its implementation must connect at least one other plant (other than GCC named after AA Zhdanov, who built the ships of the project), which could be a plant mm. 61 Communards in Nikolaev, since it was completed the construction of BOD, etc. 61 and gradually released the power to build new ships.
The positive experience of developing the gas turbine for ships pr.61, a well as the potential of the manufacturer - South-turbine plant (YUTZ) in the same Nikolaev, officially called the NGO "Dawn" - On the one hand, and at the same time, congestion of the main manufacturer of steam turbines for surface ships - the Kirov plant in Leningrad - on the other hand, almost certainly suggested or dictated the decision to adjust the "mother" pr.1134. under a different energy - gas turbine.
Tactical and technical requirements for the project, received the number "1134B", was issued in the Northern Design Bureau in 1964, when they were working on the further development of the ships pr.61. Chief designer of the project was named VF Anika, but mostly watching the Navy - Captain 2nd Rank OT Sofronov.
Implementation of the ship pr.1134B gas turbine instead of boiler-turbine caused the increase of the main dimensions and volumes. Hence the increasing armament pr.1134B (compared to the original pr.1134A), and changes in its architecture, and increased its displacement.
At pr.1134B can conveyor system has been used storage and delivery missiles, bringing the ammunition was 96 units. The increased dimensions of the vessel allowed to place weapons in addition to the established two anti-aircraft missile defense complex "Osa-M"; as it was installed 76-mm gun mount AK-726.
Total pr.1134B was built seven ships, four of whom served in the Black Sea Fleet
Large anti-submarine ship "Kerch" was founded 30.04.1971, the plant named after 61 Communards in Nikolaev (works number 2003) and 25.05.1971 was enrolled in the lists of Navy ships. Launched on 21.07.1972, entered into service 12/25/1974 23/01/1975 GI was included in the CFP.
In 1976, within 6 months of military service performed tasks in the Mediterranean Sea, the commander - Captain 2nd rank JG Gusev. Has participated in many different ocean and sea exercises, deployed in the Mediterranean Sea.
10.08 - 14.08.1984, the - paid visits to Varna (Bulgaria);
28.06 - 02.07.1989 - in Istanbul (Turkey);
11.08 - 15.08.1989 - in Varna (Bulgaria).
In the late 80's it was upgraded radar equipment (installation of new radar).
Following the withdrawal of the fleet PLC "Moscow" from 27.04.1994, and before the entry into operation of repair GRKR "Moscow" is the flagship of 12/06/1997, the Black Sea Fleet.
In November 1998, under the flag of the Deputy Fleet Commander for Armaments and use of weapons of Rear Admiral A. Kovsharov an official visit to Cannes (France) and Messina (Italy).
At the moment, is comprised of 30 divisions of the Black Sea Fleet surface ships. Patronage of the ship shall: South-Eastern District of Moscow, Belgorod, Volgograd.
At various times the ship was commanded by:
- Captain 1st Rank Oleg Peshkurov.
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